High Tenacity Polyester and Polyester Yarns
Polyester Yarn with SageZander
SageZander carries a wide range of stock to support our clients requirements in high tenacity polyester yarn types in the textile industry.
SageZander provides high quality polyester and polyester high tenacity yarns. We can provide yarn twisting and various other yarn constructions to meet clients specific requirements. Our team also works with dope dyed high tenacity polyester yarns and we carry a range of colours in Dtex 1100. These yarns can be twisted or plied in flexible quantities to suit the customers needs.
Get in Touch with SageZander today for more information on our polyester yarns.
No-one is certain of anything other than short-term uncertainty when it comes to trade and logistics at this moment in time. We are in increasingly choppy waters clinging on to a hope of more clarity after we have entered the new year. There are some key issues:
- Container space and shipping schedules
- Brexit and the fear of logjams at UK ports
Globally the cost to move containers has increased markedly in the last 2 months. There is a shortage of shipping containers, one only has to look at the 40 foot containers of PPE sitting at Felixstowe which are estimated to be costing the UK taxpayer £1 million per day just to keep them there as they have no-where else to go. Not forgetting the port surcharges importers are compelled to pay to get goods through the Uk ports. Some shippers are even refusing to go to some UK ports preferring others due to the expected delays.
The UK isn’t alone; food imports into certain countries undergo more rigorous customs control for infection due to covid and this again causes disruption. Typical costs for shipping a 40 foot container from Asia to Europe or the USA have risen significantly between September and to mid December. Expectations are for further ongoing rises maybe through January, that’s assuming you can find a container to fill!
Even trade between Asian countries has seen shipping price rises of 5 or 6 fold over the last couple of months. The regular sailing schedules are slightly more erratic as a knock on effect.
In essence this will eventually filter through into material prices. In our industry case mainly depending upon the type of yarn and how many kilos of it fill a container.
Meanwhile, Brexit is still a grey area! Ireland has always used the UK as a landbridge to get to mainland Europe. Sending goods by truck through the UK and then out into Europe has always been quicker and cost effective. New direct services from Rosslare and Cork to Dunkirk and Zeebrugge have been recently established to avoid the UK ports after the end of December. However Irish business still doesn’t think it has sufficient capacity and many trucks will still need to pass through the UK as now. Let’s hope at least for something towards a partial Brexit solution. If we don’t as the anglers amongst us know it wont be the first time supposed intelligent men have been outwitted by fish!
The next 2-3 months look to be challenging before things settle down again. Lets hope there is some Brexit conclusion that can mitigate some of this uncertainty all businesses currently face
“Serving our customers with their needs at the heart of our operations.”
Our Polyester Yarn Stock
There are both low shrink and normal shrinkage polyester nylon yarns starting at Dtex 78 running through Dtex 140, 225, 280, 420, 550, 830, 1100, 1670, 2200. Some counts are available in dope dyed black. We can also do dope dyed yarns in specific clients’ own shades with 1 tonne minimum order quantities in various counts.
There are also regular tenacity items such as Dtex 330 dope dyed black available in our stock. SageZander can also provide a wide range of other polyester yarn stock including Tairyfil Carbon fibre yarn, Tintoria Sala, TAY and more!
Where We Supply Polyester Yarn
Our High Tenacity Polyester Yarns are sourced both within Europe and from the Asian market. The partners that we select to buy from and work with in these markets are reliable. Please contact us for specification sheets, pricing and availability.
SageZander can supply Dyed FR (flame retardant) continuous filament textured and flat twisted polyester yarns and regular polyester suitable for weavers in counts starting at Dtex 56 up to Dtex 900. These are suited towards upholstery, curtain label and tie weavers.
Difference between High Tenacity Polyester and Regular Polyester Filament Yarns
Polyester is the most used man made textile fibre worldwide. It is generally inexpensive and can be adapted in processing to change different aspects. It can be texturised to create bulk. It can be extruded as a dull or as a bright fibre. It can be extruded with additives included in the extrusion mix, i.e. anti static masterbatch components or masterbatch colour components for example. High tenacity yarns are a specific refinement which moves polyester yarn into technical industrial application areas.
To produce high tenacity polyester yarn starts with melting the polyester polymer at around 265 degrees centigrade and then spinning to produce continuous filaments. In the case of a Decitex 1100/192 high tenacity polyester yarn this means 192 filaments are produced at the same time. The Decitex 1100 refers to the weight of the yarn (decitex = weight in grammes of 10,000 metres) so every 1.1 kilos of weight produced is 10 kilometres in yarn length. It is the cooling process and the stretching methods used during this process that determine the orientation and crystallisation of the polymer chains. The manipulation of stretching and cooling can lead to higher properties in tenacity. For example the breaking strength of a typical Dtex 1100 high tenacity polyester yarn is around 75 to 90 newtons but as in all textile processes we often need other things and there are trade offs. For many textile processes uses industrial polyester yarns the elongation of the yarn can be a crucial factor in processing and also the amount of shrinkage in the yarn.
Hot air shrinkage is normally measured for 2 minutes at 180 degrees centigrade and levels can range from as low as 1-3% suitable for hoses where stability is required to around 12-15% where shrinking the fabric to condense it has benefits such as sailcloth where condensing the fabric makes it less easy for air to pass through the sail.
The elongation of the yarn can also be an important point. The elongation is a consideration in processing but also important in end uses such as slings and ropes. Normally specification sheets for high tenacity polyester yarn will reference the elongation at break figure (normally between 10 and 20%) but for many processes the elongation at a specific load amount can be more relevant.
Compared to regular polyester yarns which are more apparel focussed high tenacity yarns are generally suited toward various uses. Nets and nettings for sport, cargo and fishing generally use the Higher Dtex yarns like Dtex 1100 and Dtex 2200. Tie down straps in narrow fabrics, strapping can be anywhere in the range Dtex 280 to Dtex 4400 generally.
Conveyor belt fabrics, Hoses for high pressure hoses and hose reinforcement, Geotextile and Geogrid fabrics can range between Dtex 5500 to Dtex 1670. Ropes generally use the heavier counts and our solution dyed also known as dope dyed coloured high tenacity polyester yarns are used here. Rubber reinforced fabrics and dipped cords often need special finishes on the yarn to get good adhesion and use yarns in the Dtex 1100 to Dtex 2200 area. Other areas include slings for lifting, tarpaulin fabrics and fabrics for coating, Sail Cloths, seat belts, fabrics for filtration and harnesses. Sewing thread manufacturing can often use lower Dtex yarn down to Dtex 78 often 2 or 3 plied.